Effluent Wastewater Management and Sanitation (EWWMS)


ffective wastewater management and sanitation services contribute significantly to reducing health risks and protecting the environment. Broadly speaking, it entails adequate facilities to collect and treat both industrial effluent and municipal sewage effectively, ensuring human dignity is secured and the health of all people is thereby protected. But South Africa’s effluent and wastewater treatment plant are under immense strain.

The re-use of treated effluent and wastewater is an important priority in freeing up fresh water and broadening the range of alternate sources for water supply, however it is not widely practiced in South Africa.

Within metropolitan areas, conveyance systems (used to transport urban effluent) are in disrepair, and even recently installed infrastructure is in some instances of sub-standard quality. Furthermore, a large number of wastewater treatment works are not meeting effluent discharge standards due to inadequate knowledge, poor operating and maintenance and under-investment in infrastructure. Additionally, municipalities do not prioritise wastewater treatment.

The EWWMS working group seeks to promote access to resilient, cost-effective, and water-efficient sanitation solutions for all by promoting the decentralisation of effluent and wastewater management to the Catchment Management Agencies (CMA) and Water User Associations (WUA).

The focus of the EWWMS is on coordinating private and public sector players to optimise the utilisation of treated effluent and wastewater, and to engage more fully with the national call for private sector assistance on sanitation issues. Benefits include reduction of the amount of pollutants entering the environment, reduction of the amount of clean water required for dilution of pollution and increasing access to sanitation services.

Mr Nandha Govender

Chair of the Effluent Wastewater Management, and Sanitation Working Group
General Manager: Water and Environmental Operations, Eskom

The objectives are

Support decentralized effluent and wastewater management through CMAs and WUAs and increased self-regulation

Strengthen engagement among stakeholders for effluent waste management and sanitation

Support technology improvement and deployment to reduce cost of effluent and waste water treatment and transfer

Promote appropriate water pricing and institutional models

Strengthen private sector participation in management of wastewater treatment and reuse based on the green drop reports

Address the lack of access to sanitation and hygiene, specifically, sanitation in schools

Identify innovative technology that is relevant to the environmental conditions

PROJECTS to date

Mine Water for Irrigation

Mine Water Project – Phases 1,2 and 3

Non Revenue Water and Waste


If you would like to participate in the working group please email us on the link below